Réflexions ou Sentences et Maximes morales (E–pub/Kindle) À François de La Rochefoucauld

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  • Réflexions ou Sentences et Maximes morales
  • François de La Rochefoucauld
  • English
  • 05 October 2020
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François de La Rochefoucauld Ð 1 SUMMARY

SUMMARY â Réflexions ou Sentences et Maximes morales Ns and insights of a life deeply engaged in the great eevnts of his time in his classic Maxims first published in 16. There is only one kind of love but there are a thousand imitationsOne of the fundamental books that humanity has produced

REVIEW Réflexions ou Sentences et Maximes moralesRéflexions ou Sentences et Maximes morales

SUMMARY â Réflexions ou Sentences et Maximes morales Isms and general maxims of conduct Francois de la Rochefoucauld 1613 1680 concentrated the results of the observatio. Wow This is seeing the glass all the way empty maybe smashedLilian Tomlin said something like no matter how cynical you get it s never enough to keep up If this jives with your view of humanity read RochefoucauldThe maxims are short and pithy and misanthropicSelf love is subtler than the subtlest man of the worldThe moderation of happy people comes from the tranuility that good fortune gives to their dispositionWhat is called generosity is most often just the vanity of giving which we like than what we giveWe make a mistake if we believe that only the violent passions like ambition and love can subdue the others Laziness for all her languor is nevertheless often mistress she permeates every aim and action in life and imperceptibly eats away and destroys passions and virtues alikeFew men are sufficiently discerning to appreciate all the evil they doNothing is so contagious as example and our every really good or bad action inspires a similar one We imitate good deeds through emulation and evil ones because of the evil of our nature which having been held in check by shame is now set free by exampleI could go on all night

REVIEW Ï SANDAUGIA.CO Ð François de La Rochefoucauld

SUMMARY â Réflexions ou Sentences et Maximes morales Greatest of the maxim writers of France in an age whose worldly wisdom habitually found its way into essential aphor. We do not like to praise and we never praise without a motive Fran ois Duc de La Rochefoucauld was something of a bungler in life The scion of a great house the beneficiary of a princely education the young nobleman got himself mixed up in all sort of plots and intrigues eventually getting himself locked in the Bastille and later banished to his estate As a result of this rather undistinguished career in the world he developed into a man of letters achieving far success on the page than in the palaceLa Rochefoucauld made a permanent contribution to literature with his Maximes a collection of cutting aphorisms on the vanity of human nature His perspective is cynical seeing bad motives behind even the best actions Or in his opening words Our virtues are most freuently but vices disguised And I do not think that one must be a defeated aristocrat in order to see the truth in many of his pronouncements Here he is his describing meOne of the reasons that we find so few persons rational and agreeable in conversation is there is hardly a person who does not think of what he wants to say than of his answer to what is said The most clever and polite content themselves with only seeming attentive while we perceive in their mind and eyes that at the very time they are wandering from what is said and desire to return to what they want to sayThis also certainly applies to me How is it that our memory is good enough to retain the least triviality that happens to us and yet not good enough to recollect how often we have told it to the same person But do not think that I am somehow superior for admitting to these shortcomings for We own to small faults to persuade others that we have not great ones And do not attempt to compliment me The refusal of praise is only the wish to be praised twice There is no way outI often found myself laughing at these aphorisms So many of them ring true to my experience And they represent a perspective too rarely expressed in daily life Selfless action is a deeply appealing concept and many people wish fervently to believe in it Yet it is an incontestable fact that most of what we do even apparently altruistic actions benefits ourselves in one way or anotherPoliticians fight to pass legislation to benefit their constituents who then return the politician to power businessmen give their employees a raise who thus work harder and take less vacation a friend picks me up from the airport but he expects me to do something for him in the future a man returns a wallet he found on the street is given a reward and then is lauded on social media And of course altruism towards one s family is the easiest thing to explain this way since the family is just an extension of the self psychologically and genetically Some may find this way of thinking gloomy and unproductive But I do think it is important to keep in mind our tendency to act out of self interest for in my experience it is those who are most attached to the idea of selfless action who most often treat other people badly It is a dangerous thing to think that virtue is on your side And personally I find it a great relief to see myself as an ordinary animal rather than a moral machine Self knowledge reuires knowledge of our less honorable motives and pretending otherwise can lead to a kind of self alienation We become so accustomed to disguise ourselves to others that at last we are disguised to ourselves But this dark view of human nature must be tempered in two respects First not even La Rochefoucauld thought that all actions were driven by vice He thinks true virtue is rare but that it does exist Second La Rouchefoucauld often points out that our vices prompt us to act virtuously than virtue ever could The praise bestowed upon us is at least useful in rooting us in the practice of virtue Or elsewhere Interest which is accused of all our misdeeds often should be praised for our good deeds After all the actions I described above are all virtuous actionsAnd this for me is the key insight of La Rochefoucauld s cynicism seeing our self interest not as inherently bad but as a kind of neutral force which can be channeled for good or for evil This insight alone could prevent a lot of needless guilt More importantly once we accept this premise we can easily shape our lives and societies For we have discovered the secret of living together finding arrangement in which self interest overlaps