PDF/EPUB L'Autre Monde ou les États et Empires de la Lune

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  • L'Autre Monde ou les États et Empires de la Lune
  • Cyrano de Bergerac
  • English
  • 28 October 2020
  • 9781843911494

Cyrano de Bergerac ¹ 9 Read & Download

Cyrano de Bergerac ¹ 9 Read & Download Summary º E-book, or Kindle E-pub ¹ Cyrano de Bergerac Read & Download L'Autre Monde ou les États et Empires de la Lune Ical courts condemn him for his heretical opinions and illicit beliefs As viewed from the moon the philosophical scientific anthropocentric and religious certitudes that reign on Earth seem trivial This masterpiece of Libertine literature emerges as an unprecedented example of relativ. I m fascinated by very very early science fiction novels and one of the most important of these pioneering works is Cyrano de Bergerac s Journey to the Moon or to give it its proper title L Autre Monde o les tats et Empires de la Lune The Other World The States and Empires of the Moon It was published posthumously in 1657Cyrano de Bergerac 1619 1655 was an interesting figure in his own right He was a successful playwright and a notorious duellist He is said to have fought at least 1000 duels And yes he really did have a very large nose and this was the cause of many of his duels He was also a homosexual and a religious sceptic who was accused of atheism And to add to all that he was something of an amateur philosopher and scientific thinkerLike most of the early fantastic voyage science fiction tales the intention behind Journey to the Moon was largely satirical What makes this work really interesting though is that this was by no means Cyrano s only intention The book is like a blend of whimsical fantasy satire and hard science fiction Or at least the 17th century version of hard science fiction Cyrano s scientific speculations are an intriguing mix of the medieval and the modern In this context it s worth remembering that Cyrano was writing several decades before Newton put physics on a firm scientific basis While Cyrano has no notion that a lack of breathable air might be an obstacle to a lunar voyage he is aware that the earth s gravitational field is powerful than that of the MoonThere s also some interesting speculation on the nature of reason and on the differences between humans and animals At times Cyrano almost seems to be moving towards some kind of theory of parallel and divergent evolutionary pathwaysAs for the plot itself this is where the whimsy comes in Dew is certainly an original idea for a fuel for interplanetary travel The hero uses this means to reach the Moon where he finds that the inhabitants of our satellite regard the Earth as their moon They also have some odd customs and ideas on social organisation They believe in paying respect to youth rather than age They find it strange when Cyrano tells them that the inhabitants of Earth wear swords as a symbol of honour on the Moon they regard phalluses in the way 17th century Europeans regarded swordsIt s a very short book and while it s thin on plot and long on philosophical speculation Cyrano s speculations are generally entertaining And it s a fascinating attempt to imagine a society based on fundamentally different beliefsIf you re interested in the history of science fiction it s essential reading Midnight is a Place philosophical scientific anthropocentric and religious certitudes that reign on Earth seem trivial This masterpiece of Libertine literature emerges as an unprecedented example of relativ. I m fascinated by very very early science fiction novels and one of the most important of these A Day For A Day pioneering works is Cyrano de Bergerac s Journey to the Moon or to give it its Court of Lions proper title L Autre Monde o les tats et Empires de la Lune The Other World The States and Empires of the Moon It was I Cant Make You Love Me but I Can Make You Leave published Vingespenn posthumously in 1657Cyrano de Bergerac 1619 1655 was an interesting figure in his own right He was a successful Wenn Kinder trotzen philosopher and scientific thinkerLike most of the early fantastic voyage science fiction tales the intention behind Journey to the Moon was largely satirical What makes this work really interesting though is that this was by no means Cyrano s only intention The book is like a blend of whimsical fantasy satire and hard science fiction Or at least the 17th century version of hard science fiction Cyrano s scientific speculations are an intriguing mix of the medieval and the modern In this context it s worth remembering that Cyrano was writing several decades before Newton CC Программирование на языке высокого уровня put Dead Letter physics on a firm scientific basis While Cyrano has no notion that a lack of breathable air might be an obstacle to a lunar voyage he is aware that the earth s gravitational field is Brief an den Vater parallel and divergent evolutionary Zu Den Platonischen Gleichnissen pathwaysAs for the Once in Kazakhstan The Snow Leopard Emerges plot itself this is where the whimsy comes in Dew is certainly an original idea for a fuel for interplanetary travel The hero uses this means to reach the Moon where he finds that the inhabitants of our satellite regard the Earth as their moon They also have some odd customs and ideas on social organisation They believe in In guten Kreisen paying respect to youth rather than age They find it strange when Cyrano tells them that the inhabitants of Earth wear swords as a symbol of honour on the Moon they regard Serafina and the Black Cloak phalluses in the way 17th century Europeans regarded swordsIt s a very short book and while it s thin on Artemis Fowl plot and long on La esfinge maragata philosophical speculation Cyrano s speculations are generally entertaining And it s a fascinating attempt to imagine a society based on fundamentally different beliefsIf you re interested in the history of science fiction it s essential reading

Read & Download L'Autre Monde ou les États et Empires de la LuneL'Autre Monde ou les États et Empires de la Lune

Cyrano de Bergerac ¹ 9 Read & Download Summary º E-book, or Kindle E-pub ¹ Cyrano de Bergerac Read & Download L'Autre Monde ou les États et Empires de la Lune What if the moon were another world for which ours served as the moon An absurd notion but one which leads our narrator to travel to a paradisiacal world in which he is a monster a malfunction of nature and a myth The dream uickly becomes a nightmare however when the ruling ecclesiast. Cyrano de Bergerac was a real person He wrote poetry plays and books as well as being the inspiration for Edmond Rostand s best known work the play titled Cyrano de Bergerac In the fascinating introduction to A Voyage To The Moon we learn about Cyrano he did serve in the Guards an elite unit of noble young men of his day and he was not a Gascon by birth but by the force of his personality His feud with the actor Montfleury was real and so was Bergerac s infamous nose It appears in all the portraits of which there are four And in all of these it is the same not a little ugly nose flat at the top and projecting at the bottom in a little long gable turned up at the end but a large generous well shaped nose hooked rather than retrouss and planted suarely in the symmetrical middle of the face not ridiculous but monumentalCyrano himself describes it in a play that I would love to be able to read since according to the author of the introduction Cyrano was responsible for introducing to the stage the comical peasant which Moliere later relied upon in his own works But back to The Nose Here is what Cyrano says about it in his play Le Pedant Joue Comedy This veridic nose arrives everywhere a uarter of an hour before its master Ten shoemakers good round fat ones too go and sit down to work under it out of the rainOf course he was the only person ever allowed to say anything about The Nose Many duels were fought over it and than ten men were killed because of it So this passage from Chapter 15 of A Voyage To The Moon is obviously Cyrano s way of thumbing that Nose at the world Cyrano had gone out for a walk and returned late for dinner and explained to his hosts that no one told him the a clock when he asked they merely made strange faces at him Then he learns how to tell time on the Moon How cried all the Company did not you know by that that they shewed you what it was a Clock Faith said I they might have held their great Noses in the Sun long enough before I had understood what they meant It s a Commodity said they that saves them the Trouble of a Watch for with their Teeth they make so true a Dial that when they would tell any Body the Hour of the day they do no but open their Lips and the shadow of that Nose falling upon their Teeth like the Gnomon of a Sun Dial makes the precise timeNow that you may know the reason why all People in this Country have great Noses as soon as a Woman is brought to Bed the Midwife carries the Child to the Master of the Seminary and exactly at the years end the Skillful being assembled if his Nose prove shorter than the standing Measure which an Alderman keeps he is judged to be a Flat Nose and delivered over to be gelt You ll ask me no doubt the Reason of that Barbarous Custom and how it comes to pass that we amongst whom Virginity is a Crime should enjoyn Continence by force but know that we do so because after Thirty Ages experience we have observed that a great Nose is the mark of a Witty Courteous Affable Generous and Liberal Man and that a little Nose is a Sign of the contrary Wherefore of Flat Noses we make Eunuchs because the Republick had rather have no Children at all than Children like themWell enough about the man s nose what about the book he wrote right Okay This was great fun for me to read especially considering that during Cyrano s day the debate was still raging about whether the Earth revolved around the sun or vice versa Imagine letting your imagination fly to the moon in those days How would you get there and what would you find when you landed Books with covers made of mother of pearl and operated with a little key that you wound up long enough for the book to play you a chapter Towns that move according to the seasons of the year by using wheels and giant bellows built into the walls of the palaces so that when activated they sail along like a ship at sea Other towers that are furnished with giant screws that will twist them down into the ground during bad storms The true reason that all good cooks are fat even though they never seem to sit down and eat they get their nourishment from the steam coming out of their cooking pots Beds that are nothing than layers of flowers three feet deepCyrano s voyage gave him the chance to discuss philosophy politics and the origins of Man with the people of the Moon which of course meant he was able to share his own ideas on those topics Sometimes I got a bit lost during these discussions but mostly I could follow along without too many What Did He Say moments I thought the book was ingeniously clever I was absolutely delighted with all of it and wish once again that I could have met and talked with Cyrano de Bergerac I very greatly doubt I could have kept up with his wit in person but it would have been such fun to try The Collected Stories of Stefan Zweig paradisiacal world in which he is a monster a malfunction of nature and a myth The dream uickly becomes a nightmare however when the ruling ecclesiast. Cyrano de Bergerac was a real Spectrum 21 person He wrote Zanboomer poetry Vögeln ist schön plays and books as well as being the inspiration for Edmond Rostand s best known work the The Relativity of Wrong play titled Cyrano de Bergerac In the fascinating introduction to A Voyage To The Moon we learn about Cyrano he did serve in the Guards an elite unit of noble young men of his day and he was not a Gascon by birth but by the force of his Die Dämonenbraut personality His feud with the actor Montfleury was real and so was Bergerac s infamous nose It appears in all the Apt Pupil portraits of which there are four And in all of these it is the same not a little ugly nose flat at the top and Muffy the Demon Slayer projecting at the bottom in a little long gable turned up at the end but a large generous well shaped nose hooked rather than retrouss and Pinstripe Empire planted suarely in the symmetrical middle of the face not ridiculous but monumentalCyrano himself describes it in a Rastafari play that I would love to be able to read since according to the author of the introduction Cyrano was responsible for introducing to the stage the comical Saphirblau peasant which Moliere later relied upon in his own works But back to The Nose Here is what Cyrano says about it in his Chancy and the Grand Rascal play Le Pedant Joue Comedy This veridic nose arrives everywhere a uarter of an hour before its master Ten shoemakers good round fat ones too go and sit down to work under it out of the rainOf course he was the only Anna hambad person ever allowed to say anything about The Nose Many duels were fought over it and than ten men were killed because of it So this Under Western Eyes passage from Chapter 15 of A Voyage To The Moon is obviously Cyrano s way of thumbing that Nose at the world Cyrano had gone out for a walk and returned late for dinner and explained to his hosts that no one told him the a clock when he asked they merely made strange faces at him Then he learns how to tell time on the Moon How cried all the Company did not you know by that that they shewed you what it was a Clock Faith said I they might have held their great Noses in the Sun long enough before I had understood what they meant It s a Commodity said they that saves them the Trouble of a Watch for with their Teeth they make so true a Dial that when they would tell any Body the Hour of the day they do no but open their Lips and the shadow of that Nose falling upon their Teeth like the Gnomon of a Sun Dial makes the Canvas Sunsets Never Fade precise timeNow that you may know the reason why all People in this Country have great Noses as soon as a Woman is brought to Bed the Midwife carries the Child to the Master of the Seminary and exactly at the years end the Skillful being assembled if his Nose Sonderkommando Wehrmacht prove shorter than the standing Measure which an Alderman keeps he is judged to be a Flat Nose and delivered over to be gelt You ll ask me no doubt the Reason of that Barbarous Custom and how it comes to Verhältnis mit dem eigenen Schwiegervater pass that we amongst whom Virginity is a Crime should enjoyn Continence by force but know that we do so because after Thirty Ages experience we have observed that a great Nose is the mark of a Witty Courteous Affable Generous and Liberal Man and that a little Nose is a Sign of the contrary Wherefore of Flat Noses we make Eunuchs because the Republick had rather have no Children at all than Children like themWell enough about the man s nose what about the book he wrote right Okay This was great fun for me to read especially considering that during Cyrano s day the debate was still raging about whether the Earth revolved around the sun or vice versa Imagine letting your imagination fly to the moon in those days How would you get there and what would you find when you landed Books with covers made of mother of A Hockey Tutor pearl and operated with a little key that you wound up long enough for the book to Staub und Stolz play you a chapter Towns that move according to the seasons of the year by using wheels and giant bellows built into the walls of the Die Verwirrungen des Zöglings TörleßLernmaterialien palaces so that when activated they sail along like a ship at sea Other towers that are furnished with giant screws that will twist them down into the ground during bad storms The true reason that all good cooks are fat even though they never seem to sit down and eat they get their nourishment from the steam coming out of their cooking Goldelse pots Beds that are nothing than layers of flowers three feet deepCyrano s voyage gave him the chance to discuss Hansel and Gretel Faerie Tale Collection #5 philosophy The Death of Ben Linder The Story of a North American in Sandinista Nicaragua politics and the origins of Man with the The Last Garden people of the Moon which of course meant he was able to share his own ideas on those topics Sometimes I got a bit lost during these discussions but mostly I could follow along without too many What Did He Say moments I thought the book was ingeniously clever I was absolutely delighted with all of it and wish once again that I could have met and talked with Cyrano de Bergerac I very greatly doubt I could have kept up with his wit in Something About Jace Pineapple Grove #1 person but it would have been such fun to try

Summary º E-book, or Kindle E-pub ¹ Cyrano de Bergerac

Cyrano de Bergerac ¹ 9 Read & Download Summary º E-book, or Kindle E-pub ¹ Cyrano de Bergerac Read & Download L'Autre Monde ou les États et Empires de la Lune Ization and a scathing attack on the values and institutions of 18th century French society The real life Cyrano de Bergerac 1619–1655 made famous by Edmond Rostand was a dramatist and poet; in his prose works he shows himself to be the forerunner to Jules Verne and Johannes Keple. Three centuries and some change before the astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin rode a rocket to the Moon the libertine poet Cyrano de Bergerac smeared himself with bone marrow and floated up to the Moon the Moon as everybody knows attracts bone marrow The Prophet Enoch also there tells us that got to the Moon by tying jars of smoke from animal sacrifices under his armpits because sacrifices must rise to the heavens Why is an Old Testament Prophet on the Moon Because the Garden of Eden is there of course But after a few minutes in the Garden Cyrano repeats a very old mistake and must leave and so has to content himself with visiting the other countries of the Moon His guide is the Daemon of Socrates although he hasn t worked with just Socrates The people of the Moon walk on all fours Before Apollo 13 before Star Trek before HG Wells there was Cyrano and his book ostensibly a report from the author His Voyage to the Moon published in 1656 isn t the first story on that theme edged out by a mere 15 centuries by Lucian of Samosata s A True History And it s far from the first fiction to treat fantastical philosophical themes Thomas More s Utopia was almost century old when Cyrano was born after all But there was never uite a book like this at least until Cyrano wrote one His contribution to literature was to take a few ideas from current science and philosophy and write a fictional treatment about them If a clockwork machine could produce sounds why couldn t we in theory build books that speak This was uite literally science fiction and wildly creative Although if Voyage to the Moon is science fiction is science in the way that Cyrano would have understood it that is natural philosophy that catch all term for everything from astronomy to psychology and most of what we now just call philosophy and a lot of magic besides And uite a lot of early modern philosophy makes its way into Cyrano s book when our author is presented as an exotic animal in a Moon zoo a delegation of Moon academics convenes to determine whether or not the hairless ape possesses self awareness or is merely an automaton of senseless instinct So we know that Cyrano read DescartesBut this makes it sound like Cyrano is giving us a dry tour of What We Should Invent Fortunately this is a silly book interesting not for its inventions but for its inventiveness The Moon people are delightfully ridiculous walking about on all fours and fretting over the souls of cabbages They keep their houses on wheels so they can change the scenery and attend their own funerals which are joyous affairs Here it helps to mention that Cyrano was a libertine today the word means little than mindless hedonism but in Cyrano s time it was anything but Libertinism was about liberty expanding all freedoms not just for your genitals but for your mind too They read Galileo the first person to map the Moon by the way Much like the Epicureans a few millennia ago the libertines were tarred with hedonism by their prudish rivals who because it made better propaganda focused on the free love than the free thought Although yes on Cyrano s Moon virginity is illegal Not that this is pointless clowning It is easy to forget now that the battle is largely won and the Catholic Church has an astronomical observatory and a theological contingency plan for baptizing aliens that there was a time when free thought wasn t something Richard Dawkins used to harass Muslims free thought for the Powers That Be was dangerous and suspicious as history had shown you let your guard down for a few minutes and suddenly the northern half of Europe has left the Church and they re reading the Biblein German In light of this catastrophe the response wasn t restricted to atheists vernacularists or radical direct democracy advocates the Catholic Church burned an Italian miller at the stake for propagating his theory that the universe is like a great wheel of cheese Dear God What books would he have writtenCyrano is for Menocchio s party not for the saliency of his views but for the sheer fantasy of it Clearly this was not a man bound by any orthodoxies And Cyrano invents a fellow traveler to Menocchio in a Spaniard who lives on the Moon because as he says The true reason which had obliged him to travel all over the Earth and at length to abandon it for the Moon was that he could not find so much as one Country where even Imagination was at Liberty Certainly the Moon was one country where Cyrano might have published his book as he intended Two endings exist for Voyage to the Moon one that condemns the citizens of the Moon for arrogantly abandoning God and one that praises the People of that World amongst whom even the meanest have Naturally so much Wit whereas those of ours have so little and yet so dearly bought Guess which version Cyrano had to circulate in his lifetime So you ll see this book bandied about as a precursor to science fiction And it is But it wasn t about any particular means of getting to the Moon it was about inventing four routes to the Moon just for the hell of it Because even in this early age of science and uncovering the unbendable laws of nature it was apparent that the imagination was one thing no science could contain In fact Cyrano s book it s science that comes from the imagination of the four ways he proposes to reach the Moon one of them is a multi stage rocket not unlike the one that brought Apollo 11 to the Moon I read the Lovell translation nearly contemporary with Cyrano himself This fact isn t as well known as it should be but some of the best English writing in the Elizabethan era and the decades right after it comes from translators Golding s Metamorphoses Uruhart s Gargantua and Pantagruel and John Florio s translation of Montaigne while not always sticking to the text like a modern translator would are masterpieces of early modern English in their own right But Lovell doesn t uite rise to the level of his peers his Voyage is alright but I come to 17th century English for those lung busting sentences that make you reach for a dictionary and Lovell s page long sentences don t have much rhythm or unctuous verbiage The other reason I read Lovell is that it was the only version I could get Only a few English translations of Voyage to the Moon exist several them uite bad according to the introduction of my edition and nobody else has tried it for uite a long time In fact any copy of the book is hard to get a hold of and the only digital versions are badly scanned and terribly formatted Worst of all an entire second book Voyage to the Sun exists it was bundled with the Moon voyage back in the 17th century but I can t find it at all Only glosses of it are available online which is a shame because it sounds fascinating Cyrano goes to the Sun where his guide is Tomas Campanella and they talk among other things about Descartes and his radical philosophy So unless you can read Baroue French or have a particularly well stocked library bad copies of Lovell s translation are the only Voyage at hand This is a shame Voyage to the Moon isn t a lost masterpiece or anything but it holds a important position in the history of speculative fiction and a delightful ode to the imagination Hopefully this long period of obscurity will pass and translators and publishers can bring this book to the adoring audience it deserves